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Guide to Programming Languages | ComputerScience.org

What are Computer Programming Languages?

Computer programming languages allow us to give instructions to a computer in a language the computer
understands. Just as many human-based languages exist, there are an array of computer programming
languages that programmers can use to communicate with a computer. The portion of the language that a
computer can understand is called a “binary.” Translating programming language into binary
is known as “compiling.” Each language, from C Language to Python, has its own distinct
features, though many times there are commonalities between programming languages.

These languages allow computers to quickly and efficiently process large and complex swaths of
information. For example, if a person is given a list of randomized numbers ranging from one to ten
thousand and is asked to place them in ascending order, chances are that it will take a sizable amount
of time and include some errors.

There are dozens of

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